Facts Of The Week
Credits to Research Team: Haikal Ryx
Kinkaku-ji (Golden Pavilion)
Kinkaku-ji, the famed “Golden Pavilion,” is a symbol of Kyoto. Formal name, Rokuon-ji was built at the end of the 14th century for the retirement villa of Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, a shogun during the time. His final will, was to convert the villa into a Zen temple.
The first floor is built in Shiden Style, which is a Japanese architectural style for palatial/aristocratic mansion during the Heian Period. Even though visitors are not allowed to enter the pavilion, they are able to see the statues of the Shaka Buddha and Yoshimitsu from across the pond.
The second floor is built in Bukke-Zukuri (Warrior Style), which placed a number of rooms under one roof or a series of conjoined roofs and was surrounded by a defensive device such as a fence, wall or moat, with guard towers and gates. There is a statue whom is surrounded by the four Heavenly Kings, Kannon Bodhisattva, goddess of mercy and pets which is not viewed by the public.
Finally, the top floor is built in Chinese Zen style, and at the apex, is a golden phoenix.
Recognized by UNESCO as a World Cultural Heritage, Kinkaku-ji is one of the historical temple representing Japan.